Technology is considered the most important part of the U.S. economy.  According to U.S. Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer, China maintains a policy of „forced technology transfer“ and practices „state capitalism,“ including the purchase of U.S. technology companies and the use of cyber theft to obtain technology.  As a result, Trump administration officials took steps in early 2018 to prevent state-controlled Chinese companies from buying U.S. tech companies and attempted to prevent U.S. companies from handing over their key technologies to China as a cost of market entry.
 According to political analyst Josh Rogin: „It was believed that China would develop a private sector that would prove compatible with the WTO system. China`s leaders have made the political decision to do the opposite. So we have to react now.  Moreover, the traditional ideological split between Republicans and Democrats over trade receded during the Chinese trade war. Instead, a bipartisan consensus seemed to be emerging, with U.S. policymakers seeing trade issues as part of the broader competition between the U.S. and China. When ideological divisions are high, different political beliefs about the motivations and actions of other countries can limit the president`s determination on foreign policy. An August 2019 Harvard CAPS/Harris poll found that 67 percent of registered voters wanted the U.S.
to confront Beijing over its trade policies, even though 74 percent said U.S. consumers bore most of the tariff burden. Mark Penn, co-director of the HARVARD CAPS/Harris poll, said the poll showed strong U.S. public support for Trump`s trade policy against China, saying, „You recognize that tariffs can have a negative impact on jobs and prices, but they believe the fight here is the right one.“  China already concluded a free trade agreement with New Zealand in 2009, which will be phased in over a ten-year period with respect to the products it covers. The free trade agreement will abolish all tariffs on Chinese exports to New Zealand by 2016 and abolish 96% of tariffs on New Zealand exports to China by 2019. The agreement will also facilitate mutual investment and trade in services. The deal has been very beneficial for Kiwi companies like Fonterra. The New Zealand fishing industry has also benefited.
The two countries began negotiations on a free trade agreement in April 2007 and signed the agreement in April 2013 under the testimony of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and Icelandic Premier Johanna Sigurdardottir. Wendy Cutler, vice president of the Asia Society Policy Institute, which negotiated trade pacts for the Obama administration, called the gains „reasonable but modest.“ Minxin Pei, a specialist in Chinese politics at Claremont McKenna College in California, argued that Lord . . .